Salmonella infections pose a serious threat to human and animal health.
Salmonella is commonly found in the bowels of healthy birds and mammals. In food, they are most commonly detected in eggs and raw pork, turkey and chicken. Usually Salmonella infections in humans are food-borne. While most of these gram-negative bacteria are largely species-specific, some have the potential to be transmitted to other species and / or humans.
In particular, Salmonella typhimurium (STM) has this so-called "zoonotic" potential, ie the ability to infect various animal species and humans. STM is one of the major causes of human gastrointestinal disease. If the bacterium enters the bloodstream, it can be life-threatening.
This pathogen was increasingly spread in pig herds and is now the most frequently detected serovar (salmonella type).
Preventive measures should therefore start at the beginning of the production chain – in the breeding herd.
The best possible protective measure is the vaccination of sows and piglets. The vaccination program must be completed by an optimized cleaning and disinfection program, stricter biosecurity measures and optimized in-house management.
Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause an illness called salmonellosis in humans. In the European Union (EU), over 100,000 human cases are reported each year.
EFSA has estimated that the overall economic burden of human salmonellosis could be as high as EUR 3 billion a year. Source: www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/salmonella